*Territory: Mrs. Shannen Liu is Personal Assistant for Asia
Rudolf Buchbinder is one of the legendary artists of our time. His piano playing is an unparalleled fusion of the authority of a career spanning more than 60 years with spirit and spontaneity. His renditions are celebrated worldwide for their intellectual depth and musical freedom.
Particularly his renditions of Ludwig van Beethoven's works are considered to be exemplary. He has performed the 32 piano sonatas 60 times in cycles all over the world and developed the story of their interpretation over decades. He was the first pianist to play all Beethoven sonatas at the Salzburg Festival during a summer festival. A live recording is available on DVD.
On the occasion of Ludwig van Beethoven's 250th birthday in the 2019/20 concert season, for the first time in its 150-year history, the Vienna Musikverein is giving a single pianist, Rudolf Buchbinder, the honor of performing all five piano concertos by Ludwig van Beethoven in a specially edited cycle. Buchbinder's partners in this unprecedented constellation are the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra under Music Director Andris Nelsons, the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra under Riccardo Muti and the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra and the Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden under their chief conductors Mariss Jansons, Valery Gergiev and Christian Thielemann.
Together with the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra and Mariss Jansons, Rudolf Buchbinder will also return to the Elbphilharmonie Hamburg, the Philharmonie de Paris, the Philharmonie Luxembourg and the Carnegie Hall New York as part of a tour.
A première is the focus of the Beethoven Year 2020. Based on Beethoven's Diabelli Variations Op. 120, Rudolf Buchbinder initiated a new cycle of variations on the same waltz by Anton Diabelli, which also forms the basis of Beethoven's epochal masterpiece. With Lera Auerbach, Brett Dean, Toshio Hosokawa, Christian Jost, Brad Lubman, Philippe Manoury, Max Richter, Rodion Shchedrin, Johannes Maria Staud, Tan Dun and Jörg Widmann, it was possible to win eleven leading contemporary composers of different generations and backgrounds. The New Diabelli Variations were commissioned by a variety of concert promoters worldwide and with the support of the Ernst von Siemens Music Foundation.
The world première recording of the New Diabelli Variations marks the beginning of Rudolf Buchbinder's exclusive partnership with Deutsche Grammophon. At the same time he also presents a new recording of Beethoven's Diabelli Variations, which he last recorded in 1976.
Rudolf Buchbinder is an honorary member of the Vienna Philharmonic, the Society of Friends of Music in Vienna, the Vienna Symphony Orchestra and the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra. He is the first soloist to be awarded the Golden Badge of Honor by the Staatskapelle Dresden.
Buchbinder attaches great importance to source research. His private music collection comprises 39 complete editions of Ludwig van Beethoven's piano sonatas as well as an extensive archive of first prints, original editions and copies of the piano scores of both piano concertos by Johannes Brahms.
He has been the artistic director of the Grafenegg Festival since its foundation in 2007. Today, Grafenegg is one of the most influential orchestral festivals in Europe.
Two books by Rudolf Buchbinder have been published so far, his autobiography "Da Capo" and "Mein Beethoven - Leben mit dem Meister". Numerous award-winning recordings on CD and DVD document his career.
„The greatest natural pianistic talent" - a portrait by Joachim Kaiser
When Rudolf Buchbinder, as he jovially recounts, once met Friedrich Gulda at the Munich hotel “Vier Jahreszeiten”, a very characteristic conversation took place between the two artists, who both greatly appreciated each other as pianists. When Gulda asked him where he was going, Buchbinder answered truthfully: “to the concert for my Beethoven cycle.” to which Gulda replied: “Say, aren’t you bored of Beethoven yet?” Buchbinder responded as follows: “To be honest, the question is completely incomprehensible to me, because I always discover something new in such masterpieces ...” Overly sceptical readers may consider that mere lip service, although Buchbinder also repeatedly expresses this sentiment in his memoirs. “You may overindulge and get bored of some foods. But you can never overindulge when it comes to playing the masterpieces of piano literature, even if you have performed them hundreds of times”, one passage reads. Buchbinder's confession sounds touchingly idealistic: “I aspire to experience the pinnacle of my pianistic career at the end of my life. Of course, I do not know when that will be ... which is a shame, in a way! Because in my profession you have never actually accomplished something - there is always more to be achieved.“
Anyone who has been closely acquainted with Buchbinder for a long time knows full well that all these statements are pure sincerity! For years I helped my friend “Rudi” moderate his Beethoven cycles at the Schleswig-Holstein-Festival, in Dortmund/Bochum, in Nuremberg ... That means I analysed every sonata, begging him for manifold quotes. And then, finally, he presented the work in context. This way I really experienced up-close how the sonatas continuously evolved, enriched, transformed in Buchbinder's soul. Not so much with regard to the pianistic, manual aspects, which were however certainly not neglected. But in terms of depth and content. Sometimes I failed to realise the extent of what I expected of him. Once, it was about the “Hammerklavier Sonata” Op. 106, I talked for almost 50 minutes. But he was not allowed to just sit there quietly and daydream, he had to pay close attention because he was always being asked for quotes, and then finally, after this exhausting discourse, he would present the most difficult sonata of the piano literature.
The question as to why great music can captivate an artist for life, even if all he strives for is “simply” to bring the compositions to life faithfully, without violating them - this question can be answered as follows: Meaningful classical music contains a wealth of nuanced spiritual shapes, expressions, experiences and insights, of which non-musical contemporaries have no inkling. Such music is like an infinite reservoir of emotional experience! It teaches us to perceive even what is exceptionally delicate, intricate, differentiated. Mendelssohn was certainly right when he once declared that it is not true that music is meaningless and vague and that national language is clear and concrete. Because tones have infinitely more intermediate stages of shaped feelings than there are words to name all these nuances. And that's what a great pianist takes on.
In coping with the challenges posed by the works of traditional art and the “classical modernism”, Rudolf Buchbinder is helped by some remarkable artistic and human peculiarities. First of all: To me, he is the greatest natural pianistic talent I ever have encountered in my life. He never has to write down fingerings, and he doesn’t do it even when faced with the most intricate difficulties! The fingers find their way by themselves. Enviably, he can firmly rely on that. He states: “There are three types of fingerings: the one you study, the one you recommend to colleagues, and the one you find yourself doing at the concert.” The concept of “finding yourself doing something” reveals how amazingly innate Buchbinder's natural talent works. Such talent could lead to carelessness. But for that the compositions are too sacred to him, too dear. Which leads to the second special peculiarity: Buchbinder studies urtext editions respectfully and meticulously, he seeks and finds errors and does not take anything for granted. His perhaps most important, but by no means most spectacular third peculiarity: He is completely free from any affectations. It is impossible to identify any “airs” with him. Any helpful tick or trick that pushes the artist’s personality in front of the work. His interpretations when he masters Mozart concertos with a cantabile, intimate tone, when he seems to provide the piano's poignantly painful answers in the dramatic dialogue in the Andante of Beethoven's G major Concerto a hesitant hundredth of a second too late, which seems to conceal so much trepidation, fear, pain - all this comes straight from the heart of the matter. His elementary, musical freedom from all affectations makes him sensitive to the subtle or crude exaggerations of some of his colleagues. For instance, ever since Sviatoslav Richter once performed Schubert's great B-flat major Sonata ludicrously expressively slow, it has now become almost fashionable to force Schubert's sorrowful andante phrases as adagios or even largos in order to illustrate their mournfulness. But the pianistic high priests of adagios do not realize how much they miss Schubert's idiosyncratic truth. Because with Schubert there is a disheartened andante ambling, which must not be turned into a grave adagio funeral march, and certainly not a melodramatic largo - and the ethereal despair of which is incredibly difficult to get right. It is with such an aura of depressive ambling that the first song of the “Winterreise”, the second movement of the Great C major Symphony (“andante con moto”), should begin, and in which the middle movements of the Great A major Sonata (DV 959) and particularly the mysterious B flat major Sonata (DV 960) must commence. Only the slow movement of the C minor Sonata (DV 958), where Schubert evidently consciously alludes to Beethoven, is actually of the same kind as the A flat major adagios that young Beethoven liked to compose.
In listing Buchbinder's remarkable qualities there is one I have forgotten, which is perhaps the rarest - his complete lack of vanity. This is not something he has to “force upon himself”, it is not false modesty for the sake of being liked. He simply cannot help it. He detests pompous self-importance, grandiose posturing. He responds objectively and friendly. He would certainly also like to argue about whether it is really appropriate to juxtapose contemporary light music, pop music and traditional serious music as similar forms of entertainment. Of course there may be enchanting light music and mind-numbing symphonies. But the respective qualities or weaknesses have nothing to do with each other. Great traditional music absorbs the incomparable history of the language of serious music, which has been differentiated over centuries. Bach's Mass in B minor contains a huge history of church music. Beethoven's Sonata Op. 110 reaches back through the centuries with its recitative and “Johannes Passion” arioso, as do Wagner's “Meistersinger” and his “Parsifal”. Even the most successful manifestations of powerful film music or pop song production have completely different qualities. Do they not? I would also like to talk about Buchbinder's opinion that anyone who plays Bach on a Steinway should in no way try to play historically on a modern piano.
Final question: What is actually behind Buchbinder's great reluctance to listen to his own recordings after they have detached themselves from him? Is this an almost superhuman lack of vanity? Or might he even fear that he will rob himself of his free-flowing art if he meets it in the acoustic mirror?
Joachim Kaiser (2004)
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